Barriers to eCommerce


Barriers to Competition in Online Travel Services
A volatile and fluidly-priced industry such as travel services has proved a natural fit for eCommerce. Consumers have become their own travel agents and regularly use websites that provide travel, hotel and car rental information. More>>


Barriers to Online Auctions

Online auctions are a convenient marketplace for buyers and sellers. Sellers can reach a national audience of consumers and buyers can research, bid and buy from wherever they can connect to the ‘Net. More>>


Barriers to Online Real Estate Competition
A home is the single largest purchase for most people, and the Internet can provide buyers with easy ways to research property listings and values—but for traditional real estate brokers, that’s a problem. More>>


Barriers to Online Sale of Wine
e-Commerce is ideally suited for offering consumers with access to the offerings of small vineyards offerings, hard-to-find-vintages, or other niche wine products. Yet the sale of beer, wine, and spirits in the United States is thoroughly blanketed by a three-tier distribution system of producer, distributor, and consumer. A relic born out of Prohibition-era concerns, this system reduces consumer access to the offerings of small vineyards offerings, hard-to-find-vintages, or other niche wine products. More>>


Barriers to Online Ticket Resale
Internet-based marketplaces allow consumers to conveniently buy and resell tickets to places of entertainment, dramatically altering the ticket marketplace from the days when states first enacted restrictions on ticket scalping. The leading online ticket marketplaces aggressively enforce safe trading policies, and have proven to be ideal partners for state regulators charged with enforcement of consumer protection laws. More>>


Internet Safety, Privacy & Security


Identity Theft
Data protection is an important issue for businesses, especially e-commerce retailers. But it’s important to remember that it takes a thief to commit identity theft, and that businesses are liable for the costs of every 9 out of $10 in ID thefts. More>>


Online Advertising
Issues related to targeted advertising and marketing to minors. More>>


Online Safety

Online safety is an important issue for children, parents, educators and law enforcement—and NetChoice believes there is a role for everyone in making the Internet safer. More>> 


Phishing and Pharming
Criminals have long used con schemes and telephones to take advantage of trusting consumers. Now they’re “phishing” by sending fraudulent emails to users, pretending to be from a credit card issuer or Internet Service Provider, luring users to a phony website to “update” their account information. Criminals are also “pharming”—misdirecting consumers to fraudulent sites even if they’ve typed in a legitimate URL. More>>



Spyware is software downloaded onto a computer that has deceptive intentions and the following characteristics: a) sneaky delivery; b) secret collection; c) changing settings; d) and resisting removal. Spyware can ruin user experiences and increase support costs for ISPs, software developers and computer sellers. More>>



Internet Governance


Cybersquatting is an abusive practice in which a speculator registers a domain name identical or very similar to the trademarked name of a legitimate company or other organization. The speculator can then hold the name for ransom, forcing the trademark owner to pay far more than the actual cost of registration. More>>


Integrity of the Internet’s Domain Name System

The Domain Name System (DNS) acts as the “phone book” for the Internet and translates hostnames to IP addresses, making it possible to find websites and send email with domain names. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a non-profit organization that manages the domain name system, and works to ensure the stability and interoperability of the DNS in coordination with the private sector. More>>


Internet Security and Availability
Denial-of-service attacks can cripple a website and disable an online business. Moreover, small businesses are experiencing blackmail via denial-of-service attacks, where a business owner is forced to pay-up in order to stop the attack. More>>


Promoting a Free and Open Internet

The “Internet” is not a specific place or thing, but a network of networks that transcend geographic and political borders. There is no single governor of the Internet, however, there has been calls for increased oversight by a political body—the United Nations. More>>


Internet Taxes


Internet Access Tax Moratorium
Internet access—and its concomitant ability to communicate, educate, and telework—should not be taxed. At a time when most people agree that the U.S. needs more broadband, Internet access taxes will slow broadband deployment, particularly in rural and low-density areas. Fewer consumers will buy a higher-priced taxed product. A smaller pool of potential customers means providers can’t justify investment in new broadband infrastructure build-out. More>>


Internet Sales Taxes

State governments have long grappled with the challenges of collecting sales and use tax on purchases from out-of-state retailers. Mail-order catalog sales, telephone, and most recently, Internet commerce have all presented a challenge to state tax administrators seeking to tax, with e-commerce being just the latest iteration of a decades old concern. The 1992 Quill decision by the US Supreme Court upheld the premise of “nexus”, such that only businesses with a physical presence in a state can be forced to collect sales taxes for that state. State governments are hoping to overcome the nexus requirement by simplifying and streamlining their tax codes, and are now seeking a Congressional mandate to ensure compliance by retailers nationwide. More>>